This philosophical system is the study of Consciousness, and it is incredibly encompassing in its scope, and elevating in its vision. Far from being life-denying, like some spiritual philosophies, Kashmir Shaivism radically affirms and divinizes life. For example, another important Hindu philosophy, Advaita Vedanta, regards the world as an illusion. In contrast, Kashmir Shaivism sees the world as nothing but the play of pure, divine Consciousness. From this perspective, there is no sin or separation anywhere; rather, everything is Consciousness. Kashmir Shaivism also endorses profound self-acceptance, with the first sutra in the foundational text, the Shiva Sutras, affirming that “the Self is consciousness” (caitanyamatma). In other words, we are all encouraged to think of ourselves as pure expressions of the same divine Consciousness.